If They Can Remove Lariam From The Irish Market… Then Why Not Remove Seroxat?…


Seroxat, is arguably, more controversial than Lariam, and also caused similar psychiatric side effects such as suicide, etc. They remove Lariam, yet keep Seroxat on the market…why?

Note also that it was Roche (the manufacturer of lariam) who chose to remove the drug- not the Irish authorities…

-thanks to Examining Medicine for this point–

 

 

 


http://www.rte.ie/news/2016/0915/816884-lariam/

Controversial drug Lariam removed from sale

Friday 16 September 2016 16.56

Lariam's acknowledged side effects can be very severe and include anxiety, depression, paranoia and suicidal behaviour
Lariam’s acknowledged side effects can be very severe and include anxiety, depression, paranoia and suicidal behaviour

A drug at the centre of a number of legal actions against the State by members of the Defence Forces has been withdrawn from sale in Ireland.

It has emerged Lariam, an anti-malarial drug, was taken off the market at the end of July.

For many years Lariam was given to Irish Defence Forces personnel deployed to missions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent the life-threatneing illness.

Lariam’s acknowledged side effects can be very severe and include anxiety, depression, paranoia and suicidal behaviour.

Fifty serving or former members of the Defence Forces have lodged claims against the State having been given the drug.

Legal proceedings have been served in 37 cases.

It has emerged that the drug manufacturer Roche took Lariam off the market in this country on 31 July. It remains available in other jurisdictions.

A spokesperson for the company said the decision followed a review of the products it offers here and was not related in any way to pending legal actions.

The company says Lariam was taken off sale following “a portfolio reassessment” by the company and three other products have also been discontinued.

They also point out that it remains available in 16 European countries.

The decision to withdraw Lariam ( which is also known as Mefloquine) from sale has been welcomed by some of those who allege they suffer from side-effects but they want assurances it will no longer be used by the Defence Forces.

Anthony Moore, who curates the Action Lariam Group for Irish Soldiers Facebook page, says they have asked the Defence Forces to take it off and will continue to do so.

Mr Moore is a former naval diver and soldier who served on numerous missions abroad.

A  Department of Defence statement said the Defence Forces were made aware by Roche Products Ltd that Lariam was being taken off the Irish market but the drug is still available to them via two main wholesalers.

The statement says there are no plans to withdraw Lariam from the range of anti-malarial medications they use.

The statement points out the health and welfare of Defence Forces members is of the highest priority and significant precautions are taken by medical officers in assessing the medical suitability of members to take any anti-malarial medications.

Meanwhile a Department of Defence working group initially set up in 2011 and reconvened in 2013 is continuing to examine all issues surrounding the use of the drug.

 

Songwriter Dylan Tighe Discusses His Prescription Of The Suicide Drug Seroxat At 19…


Dylan’s story eerily echoes, very closely ,to my personal Seroxat story..

One which I will be bringing to closure soon on this blog…


 

 

Dylan Tighe: ‘Instead of relieving my distress, I felt the drugs were compounding it’  The first time Dylan Tighe, who is 34, attended a psychiatrist was at the age of 18, after experiencing a prolonged bout of depression. “I just felt listless. There was a complete lack of desire and absence of joy that was overwhelming. It was an experience that would be repeated again,” says the award-winning theatre director.

After a brief consultation, he was prescribed Seroxat, an antidepressant, for the best part of a year. It was the beginning of several years of being prescribed a range of antidepressants and mood-stabilisers which, he says, had often severe side effects, such as an increased heart rate, short-term memory loss and sexual problems. In the meantime, he felt other options weren’t being made available, such as talk therapy, which might helped him resolve underlying issues. “Drugs were always the first port of call. There was a dismissive attitude towards talk therapy . . . instead of relieving my distress, I felt the drugs were compounding it.

“My engagement with the service and lack of choice disempowered me to the point where I’m sure it was a factor in the depression itself. “I found the relationship between the psychiatrist and patient quite patronising. They are the ones with the knowledge and power. Yet, all the assumptions on which I was being prescribed medication were very challengable – but it’s difficult to do so when you’re at a very vulnerable point.”

He says he would have liked to have been listened to about what he felt would work in his case – but says there was little leeway outside of the medical approach. After exploring options on his own, he found psychotherapy “infinitely more helpful”.

“The most helpful therapists were those with the most empathy. That was almost totally absent from psychiatry, in my experience.” Tighe hasn’t used drugs for about two years. He has serious reservations about psychiatric medication, but accepts that some people find them helpful. “You can’t generalise. Everyone’s different. In my case, I was told I may have to take them for the rest of my life, so I feel an enormous sense of relief now that I made a choice to stop taking them.”

Tighe is now putting the finishing touches to an album and stage production called Record, which will draw on his experiences of the mental health system. It will premiere at the Cork Midsummer Festival on June 25th and will go on to tour nationally. “The material uses my starting point of diagnosis and examines the area of emotional distress and ideologies around psychiatry, and looks towards a new way of conceptualising emotional distress . . . I feel I’ve made huge progress in coming to my own understanding of my experiences, which has been very empowering and enlightening.”


Published on Jan 6, 2015

RESOLUTION is a creative exploration of life from people who have met adversity and challenge with courage and compassion. People who are living from the inside out…

Dylan Tighe: Musician,Theatre-Maker,Writer


http://www.mindfreedomireland.com/index.php/articles-from-2012/1002-carl-o-brien

Dylan Tighe’s debut album Record, inspired by his personal experiences of emotional distress and of the mental health system, was released in February 2014 to widespread acclaim. The Sunday Times declared Dylan an “exquisite songwriter”,while RTÉ proclaimed the album “starkly brilliant” and “a deeply personal and deeply moving piece of work”. The Irish Times described it as “brimming with tunes” and “an audacious and seriously intelligent suite of songs. Dylan has also worked extensively as an actor and theatre-maker, winning the Irish Times Theatre Award for Best Production in 2010 for his production ‘No Worst There is None’ inspired by the ‘dark sonnets’ of Gerard Manley Hopkins. His stage production Record based on songs from the album at Cork Midsummer Festival and Dublin Theatre Festival was described by the Irish independent as proposing “a new theatrical form for a new way of thinking”.

A radio version for RTÉ, featuring songs from the album and challenging a scientific view of mental health, was nominated for the Prix Europa prize 2014. He has recently contributed a chapter entitled ‘Start Making Sense’ to ‘Madness, Psychiatry, and Performance’, newly published by Palgrave. A new work for radio- ‘Pulse Music/ Ceol Cuisle- about the poet Michael Hartnett and created in collaboration with musician Seán Mac Erlaine, was recently broadcast on RTÉ.
Dylan


https://beyondmeds.com/2013/04/28/dylan-tighe-record-questioning-a-scientific-view-of-mental-health-play-features-madness-radio/

Dylan Tighe – “RECORD: Questioning A Scientific View of Mental Health” Play Features Madness Radio

FINAL_DYLAN_big

Dylan Tighe’s new play “RECORD: Questioning A Scientific View of Mental Health” Features Madness Radio!

You can listen to it here and there’s more info about Dylan and the show here 

Theatre-Maker and musician Dylan Tighe uses his own psychiatric history to probe some of the assumptions underpinning a scientific view of mental health. The play proposes artistic expression, and lived experience- as capable of offering insights into the mind (and heart) which science cannot penetrate. This alternative record of mental health centres around Dylan Tighe’s psychiatric records and personal research and includes songs from his debut album RECORD exploring his diagnosis and experience, along with a collage of sonic and musical sources, documentary, dramatic scenes and archive samples relating to the science behind the concept of “mental illness”

Credits:

Director, Writer, Original Music: Dylan Tighe, Actors: Aoife Duffin, Daniel Reardon, Dylan Tighe, Sound Design: Jimmy Eadie, Sound Supervision: Richie McCullough, Producer: Kevin Brew

Songs are from Dylan’s debut album RECORD, produced by Jimmy Eadie and feature Dylan Tighe (Guitars and vocals) Conor Murray (Drums), Seán Mac Erlaine (Sax and Woodwinds), Donal Mac Erlaine (Saw) and Cian Murphy (Double Bass). Album available at I-tunes, amazon and  Dylan Tighe’s website.

Samples of interviews with David Cohen, Gary Greenberg, John Horgan, Jay Joseph, Robert Whitaker, and the voice of Will Hall, appear courtesy of Will Hall and Madness Radio

Featuring the voices of former Taoiseach (Irish prime minister) Bertie Ahern, Antonin Artaud, Dr Pat Bracken, Dr. Peter Breggin, Dr. Andrew Harkin, Prof. Jim Lucey, Pat Kenny, Mary Maddock, John Mc Carthy, Seán Rocks.

Additional music by Mary Maddock. Dramatic scenes were inspired by Ingmar Bergman’s 1966 film ‘Persona’.

Irish government fights claims by children with narcolepsy after Pandemrix swine flu vaccine


http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/republic-of-ireland/irish-government-fights-claims-by-children-with-narcolepsy-after-pandemrix-swine-flu-vaccine-34770780.html

 

Irish government fights claims by children with narcolepsy after Pandemrix swine flu vaccine

 

Irish government fights claims by children with narcolepsy after Pandemrix swine flu vaccine

By Eilish O’Regan

Published 03/06/2016

The Irish government is fighting compensation claims by children who developed an incurable sleeping disorder after getting the Pandemrix swine flu vaccine.

This is despite a Government-commissioned report saying the Pandemrix jab left susceptible children at 14 times greater risk of developing the condition.

It said other “unspecified factors” may also have played a role.

The first legal stage of the cases will come before the High Court next week when an order for discovery of documents from the Department of Health and the vaccine manufacturer GlaxoSmithcline (GSK) will be sought.

Solicitor Michael Boylan of Augustus Cullen Law, who represents 60 of the children, revealed yesterday that he is shocked the State is denying liability and fighting the families.

It is denying it owes a duty of care to the children who received the vaccine.

“They are denying everything and putting us on proof of everything. Denying a duty of care is very radical.”

Mr Boylan said the Irish expert group found a 14-fold increase in the incidence of narcolepsy among children vaccinated, compared to those who did not get the jab.

The untested vaccine was rushed out during global panic over the swine flu pandemic in the winter of 2009 and 2010.

Read more

Swine flu jab linked to narcolepsy

Irish doctors must return flu vaccine over narcolepsy fears  

The pandemic turned out to be much milder than feared but parents were strongly urged by senior medical officers in the Department of Health and public health experts to have children, who were a risk group for the virus, vaccinated.

However, some 80 children who received the vaccine went on to develop the sleeping disorder narcolepsy.

The rare disorder causes people to feel drowsy or to suffer spontaneous ‘sleep attacks’. They can sometimes experience loss of muscle power and fall. This can be triggered by stimulus like laughter.

All of the young people, many of whom are now teenagers or young adults, are on medication to stay awake during the day or sleep at night.

Mr Boylan said the children allege negligence by the State and GSK in the circumstances where they were administered an untested vaccine and/or that the vaccine was a defective product.

Parents were not made aware of the fact that it was untested, he added.

At the time the vaccine was issued, GSK got the then government to grant the drugs giant indemnity from any potential compensation claims.

Mr Boylan said: “Other countries like Switzerland, America, Poland and Australia would not give a licence to the vaccine.

“They were afraid it was not fully tested.”

He said boosters were included in the vaccine, which increase the body’s immune response to the jab.

“It is not clear why the manufacturing process for the vaccine in Quebec in Canada, where no cases of narcolepsy followed, was different to that of the drugs plant in Dresden.”

Children in several other countries have been compensated; some through no-fault vaccine redress schemes.

In the Netherlands, some children have got payouts of nearly €1m and the sums demanded here are likely to be in seven figures, he added.

“If you look at the public health leaflets at the time they state ‘it stops with you.’

“People were made to feel they had a civic duty to get the vaccine to stop the plague.”

He said the health effects are devastating for many of the children.

Most also have cataplexy, in which they “collapse like a puppet” and have suffered accidents like falls down stairs or crashes through glass panes in showers.

Mairead Hilliard, whose son Alex (11) developed narcolepsy after the jab, said yesterday the condition has left the young people on life-long medication and at risk of never meeting their full potential.

The compensation is needed because of the debilitating effect it has on their ability to live a normal life, she said.

They are all growing up now and some are students who find they are fighting the illness all the time, and there is no cure for it, she added.

Irish Independent

Background

Pandemrix, a vaccine used in response to the swine flu pandemic that began in 2009, increased children’s risk of narcolepsy – a chronic disorder which causes excessive daytime sleepiness, research suggests. For every 55,000 doses delivered around one child developed the condition, said health experts.

The research, published in the British Medical Journal, examined 75 children aged between four and 18 who were diagnosed with narcolepsy from January 2008 and who attended sleep centres across England. Researchers from the Health Protection Agency (HPA) and Papworth and Addenbrooke’s hospitals in Cambridge found that 11 of these had received the vaccine before their symptoms began.

After adjusting for clinical conditions, the authors associated the vaccination with a 14-fold increased risk of narcolepsy. In absolute numbers, this means that one in 52,000 to 57,500 doses are associated with narcolepsy, said the authors. Since 2011, the use of the vaccine in people under the age of 20 across Europe has been restricted following reports of increased cases of the sleep disorder – which is characterised by periods of extreme drowsiness, sudden naps, and paralysis attacks.

GSK And The “Toxic Batch”… Glaxo’s Unethical Shenanigans Stretch Back Decades…


http://www.vaccineinjury.ie/vaccine-support-history.html

Irish Vaccine Injury Support Group

History

In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s there was an upsurge in the number of severe adverse reactions in children who received the 3 in 1 DPT Trivax vaccine manufactured in the UK by Wellcome.

 

Because of this upsurge Eastern Health Board records (1973) show that the official in charge of the administration of the vaccine within the Dublin Health Board region was inundated with reports of severe reactions among children.  On the 24 September 1972 the official in charge wrote to Wellcome enclosing a list of the LOT numbers of the DPT vaccine that had caused severe reactions and to express her concern. (Child Abuse (Amendment) Bill 2005 Second Stage Speech by Denis Naughten TD Vol  601 28-04-2005 No 4).

In the first 6 months of 1973 more than 80 reported adverse reactions were recorded in the inner city of Dublin.

There were so many reactions to the 3 in 1 vaccine in the early 1970’s that by 1974 only 50% of parents were opting for the 2 in 1 vaccine omitting the whooping cough/pertussis element.

 

The IMB received notice of 324 suspected adverse drug reactions to the DPT vaccine since 1972.  87 of these were classified as serious in accordance with agreed international criteria (Dail reply No 791-29 Nov 2004).

 

The EHB co-operated with Wellcome in carrying out a study in 1973 comparing 4 types of DPT vaccine.  A total of 116 children were involved – 59 from the community and 57 from two children’s homes in the Dublin area.

Vaccine Trials in the Orphanages

The vaccine trials known as ‘Vaccine Trials In the Orphanages’ were part of the Child Abuse Commission investigation set up by the Government in 2000 to examine child abuse in the State. The inquiry had been looking at three trials of vaccines involving children in orphanages and children in the community in 1960/61 1970 and 1973. On 28 November 2006 Health Minister Harney halted the vaccine inquiry module following ‘a detailed examination of judgments in court cases related to the vaccine trials in both the High and Supreme Courts’.

Expert Group

An Expert Medical Group was set up by Health Minister Michael Woods in 1977 to 1984 to assess whether individuals who presented themselves to it were brain damaged by whooping cough vaccine – the decision was on the ‘balance of probabilities’. 93 people went before the committee – 16 were offered an ex gratia payment of £10,000 – 77 applications were declined.

 

Best Case

A DPT vaccine Batch that was administered in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s was Batch No 3741 and a vaccine LOT from this Batch was administer to a child from Co Cork called Kenneth Best.  In 1992 this case came before the Supreme Court and it was successfully proven that Toxic Vaccine was used widely in Ireland and caused brain damage. Batch 3741 failed 2 laboratory tests for potency and toxicity.  It was 8 times more potent than the recommended strength.

 

At the conclusion of the Best Case Justice Liam Hamilton described Wellcome as negligent and criticized the company’s quality control procedures.

 

Following the Supreme Court Judgment Kenneth Best received £2.75M by the vaccine manufacturers Wellcome for the permanent brain damage he suffered when vaccinated with vaccine from Batch 3741.

 

The ‘Best Case’ was the only successful vaccine damage litigation case in Ireland to-date.

 

Wellcome withdrew the wholecell pertussis vaccine in Ireland in 1993.

 

The Government under Health Minister Michael Noonan introduced acellular pertussis vaccine in 1993 because of the adverse effects of the wholecell pertussis vaccine.

TOXIC BATCH 3741

A search for Batch 3741 was ordered by the then Health Minister Brian Cowen after Glaxo Wellcome the drug company now called Glaxo Smith Klyne (GSK) made available the LOT numbers taken from the “Toxic Batch” at the centre of the Best Case.

Health Minister Michael Martin issued a report on the use of 3 in 1 vaccine

Report:

The Minister for Health and Children, Micheál Martin, T.D., today (27 February 2001) issued a report on the usage in Ireland of Trivax three-in-one vaccine from the batch which was at issue in the case of Kenneth Best. In 1992 the Supreme Court found that the Wellcome Foundation was liable for the disability of Kenneth Best, who had been immunised with this product in 1969. The particular vaccine batch involved was number 3741, which had been produced in 1968 and is believed to have had a shelf-life of two years.

The Minister said that in the light of the Best judgement, he and his Department had been approached from time to time on behalf of a number of individuals, whose families believe that they may have suffered damage as a result of receiving three-in-one vaccine, seeking assistance in tracing the batch or lot numbers administered in these cases.

The Department has been in contact with the manufacturer of this product, and also asked the health boards to examine their records to establish what information is available. “Much of the information obtained about the usage in Ireland of vaccine from batch 3741 has already been placed in the public domain. The purpose of this document is to set out clearly and comprehensively the information obtained by my Department about the issues involved”, the Minister said.

The report issued by the Minister indicates that 296 individuals are recorded as having received vaccine from lots produced from batch 3741 in the period 1968-1971. The number of recipients in each of the health boards concerned (the Mid-Western, North-Western, Southern and Western Health Boards) is as follows:

  No. of persons Period of usage
Mid-Western Health Board 183 October 1969 – October 1970
North-Western Health Board 3 November 1969 – February 1970
Southern Health Board 107 June 1969 – October 1971
Western Health Board 3 September 1969

Full details are contained in the report. The other health boards did not succeed in tracing any records containing the lot numbers concerned. The report issued by the Minister is available on the Department of Health and Children’s website “www.doh.ie”.

The health boards had undertaken detailed searches of their records for a period which predated the establishment of the health boards. In many cases immunisation records for this period no longer exist, or where they exist do not contain vaccine lot numbers involved. It would appear reasonable, however, to assume that vaccine from the batch concerned was administered more widely than in the 296 cases documented in the records which have been traced.

The records obtained suggest that in some instances vaccine may have been administered after its expiry date. However it is difficult at this stage to be certain about this, as full information on the expiry date of all vaccine lots is not available.

The Minister said that he has written to the Chief Executive Officers of the four health boards concerned, asking them to endeavour to trace the individuals who received this product and to inform them accordingly.

The Minister added that the expert medical consensus is that wholecell pertussis vaccine has not been proven to be a cause of brain damage. He said that this view has been confirmed by the Immunisation Advisory Committee of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, which has stated that “although there has been controversy about pertussis vaccine the consensus from authoritative bodies is that it is a safe vaccine” (Immunisation Guidelines for Ireland, RCPI, 1996, p.25).

Joint Oireachtas Committee on Health and Children

As part of it work programme for 2000 and 2001 the Joint Committee examined the issue of ‘Childhood Immunisation’ to include an examination of current vaccination policy and practices – poor take-up rates and public concerns about the risks and adverse effects of vaccination. In excess of 100 submissions were received from the public and the medical profession and other interested parties. In its Report of July 2001 this committee recommended that a vaccine damage compensation scheme be set up at the earliest possible date.

Vaccine Damage Steering Group

Following on from the Report of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on Health & Children on ‘Childhood Immunisation’ the Minister for Health & Children Mary Harney established a ‘Vaccine Damaged Steering Group’ early in 2007. Chaired by Chris Fitzgerald Principal Officer Public Health Division the group’s brief was to examine the issue of vaccine damage including compensation options. Submissions were invited from members of the public or interested groups on the issue of vaccine damage – 124 submissions were received from members of the public and 7 from interested groups up to 15 November 2009.

The Report of the Vaccine Damage Steering Group was released on 17 November 2009

The Group recommended that a ‘no fault’ ex-gratia compensation payment scheme be established and administered by the Department of Social and Family Affairs. A scheme consisting of a three tiered structure depending on the severity of damage is recommended and this applies to all cases of vaccination whensoever they occurred – provided they meet the eligibility criteria.

The Minister for Health and Children Mary Harney and her Department are currently considering the recommendations of the Vaccine Damage Steering Group Report in detail.

www.dohc.ie/publications/


http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2002/jun/30/tracymcveigh.antonybarnett

UK babies given toxic vaccines, admits Glaxo


British drug giant GlaxoSmithKline has finally admitted that thousands of babies in this country were inoculated with a batch of toxic whooping cough vaccines in the 1970s.

Some experts believe that these Trivax vaccines – which had not passed critical company safety tests – may have caused permanent brain damage and even fatalities in young children.

In 1992, the family of an Irish boy, Kenneth Best, who suffered brain damage from one of these toxic vaccines, was awarded £2.7 million in compensation by the Irish Supreme Court.

Despite a long and fierce battle with the drug giant, the boy’s family finally won this historic case after his mother Margaret made a startling find when sifting through tens of thousands of company documents.

She discovered that the Trivax vaccine used on her son, from a batch numbered 3,741, had been released by the company despite it having failed to pass a critical safety test. Documents revealed that the 60,000 individual doses within this batch were known to be 14 times more potent than normal.

At the time the Irish judge accused GlaxoSmithKline – then known as Glaxo Wellcome – of negligence and attacked the company’s poor quality control at its Kent laboratory. Immunology experts condemned Glaxo in court for what one US scientist described as an ‘extraordinary event’.

Last year an investigation by The Observer found evidence to suggest that vaccines from this faulty batch, which may have wrecked Kenneth Best’s life, had also been used in Britain.

Liberal Democrat MP Norman Baker raised questions in the House of Commons, asking whether vaccines from this batch had been given to British babies. Then Health Minister Yvette Cooper wrote to the company asking for information.

Now, almost a year later, GlaxoSmithKline has replied that it is ‘highly probable’ the toxic batches had been used in Britain.

The Department of Health is under pressure to make efforts to trace the children who received the suspect vaccines.

Last week in the House of Commons, Health Minister Hazel Blears said: ‘Unfortunately they no longer have details of the quantitites of vaccine or the places where the vaccine was supplied.

‘Since vaccines were not centrally purchased and distributed at that time there are no central records either. Information on individuals who received these vaccines will only exist if the general practioner at the time of the immunisation recorded the batch number and the patient’s notes are still available.’

Baker will now write to the Minister to demand that she asks health authorities to check the records to find out who received the vaccine. It is believed that at least one boy from Wales died after receiving a jab from toxic batch 3,741, although the parents have never been informed.

A spokesman for GlaxoSmithKline told The Observer : ‘We do not accept that these batches were harmful.’

Psychiatric “Treatment” – Irish Style…


http://www.breakingnews.ie/ireland/woman-tells-of-hell-on-earth-at-limerick-psychiatric-unit-685281.html?ref=yfp

Woman tells of ‘hell on earth’ at Limerick psychiatric unit

By David Raleigh

The HSE has said it is to investigate concerns raised by a well-known Limerick businesswoman after she experienced “hell on earth” in a psychiatric hospital unit in Limerick.

Last November, Leona O’Callaghan, 35, spent two months at the 5B Psychiatric Ward in University Hospital Limerick, which she described as a “violent” and “uncaring” place.

“The HSE need to hear the voice of the service users,” the mother of three said.

Leona O’Callaghan. Pic: Liam Burke/Press 22.

Ms O’Callaghan said she was forced to speak out publicly about her experience, because she got “no reply” to letters she sent to the Minister for Health, Leo Varadkar, and his Junior Health Minister, Kathleen Lynch.

In a searingly honest interview she described how after approaching a nurse in 5B, she was told she should kill herself if she really wanted to.

“The staff had put up a Christmas tree in the 5B ward and there were these decorations on it, and all I thought about was cutting my wrists with them,” Ms O’Callaghan said.

“I went to one nurse and told her what I was thinking, and she told me to discharge myself and to (kill myself) elsewhere. She told me, ‘we are only here to help the people who want help’.”

In highlighting her brutal experience, Ms O’Callaghan called for “better training” for HSE staff dealing with depressed and suicidal patients and “better facilities for patients”.

“Even though that nurse was stressed and overworked, that was not the way to deal with me at the time,” she said.

While not blaming the nurse specifically, Ms O’Callaghan described how she discharged herself from the unit and slit her wrists.

“Mental illness makes you irrational and you need another voice to help you see sense. My family found me 10 hours later in a graveyard after I slit my wrists,” she said.

Leona O’Callaghan. Pic: Liam Burke/Press 22.

When she was brought back to the hospital she said a nurse in the A&E department told her: “Suicide was the most selfish thing anyone could do.”

“She also told me the injuries to my wrists would never heal and that I would have to tell my children what I had done.”

“I hated myself so much and that comment only made me feel worse. She’s working in the medical field, so I thought she must be right. I’m scared, God forbid, if I were to need help again that the right help is not there,” Ms O’Callaghan added.

She said she decided to take her own life late last year when a “traumatic experience” from her childhood resurfaced bringing with it “flashbacks and panic attacks”.

“I couldn’t function. I wanted to die. I was consumed by thoughts of suicide,” she said.

Ms O’Callaghan said it took 36 hours for a psychiatric nurse to evaluate her mental state after she first presented at A&E last year.

After eventually being referred to 5B, she said she entered a violent world where patients would “scream for hours night after night” leaving her “sleep deprived” and “scared”.

She added: “One patient attacked a nurse with a set of keys. Another patient attempted to attack another nurse with a scissors.”

Leona O’Callaghan. Pic: Liam Burke/Press 22.

She claimed a relaxation room at the psychiatric unit could not be accessed during her stay due to staff shortages.

She warned: “The staff in 5B are completely overworked and stressed. So many people are throwing themselves in the river in Limerick, attempting suicide, and going in and out of 5B.”

“There’s an epidemic in suicide in Limerick. Obviously something is going wrong.”

She added: “The end stop in all of this – the hospital – doesn’t have the right supports. It doesn’t have to be this way.”

“I don’t have all the answers, but what I want to say is that all the stakeholders – the nurses, the doctors, the consultants, the physiologists, the volunteer workers, and the Government – all need to come together.

“There is no joined up thinking in the mental health services.”

Ms O’Callaghan, who has taken a year out and sold off her businesses, Kids Playbus Ltd and the Dream Teddy Bear workshop, said: “There is another side to all of this. There is help out there. Personally, for me, it wasn’t in 5B. I’ve got great help from GROW, Le Cheile and other services.

“I’m doing much better now. I’m doing well. Those (suicidal) thoughts are gone, and I’m fully aware now that the worst thing I could do for my children is to take myself out of the picture.”

A HSE spokesperson said: “We are looking into the concerns and comments she has raised in her letters to the Health Minister.

“We can’t comment on specific cases due to patient confidentiality,” the spokeswoman said.

Asbestos Contamination At A GSK Plant In Sligo Ireland?


Last year I received an e-mail from a whistle-blower based at the GSK (Stiefel) site who claimed that there was a major contamination problem at this GSK site in Sligo in Ireland. Allegedly, there was asbestos contamination which affected a few GSK drugs that are manufactured there (and also according to these claims- if they are true- some employees health has been affected by these health and safety breeches). I cannot verify with certainty if any of this is true or factual, as it seems the whistle-blower got cold feet and didn’t follow up after a few emails- (for one reason or other maybe they got scared, which is understandable considering GSK’s reputation). However, I happened to stumble upon this strange (locked) blog which is called gsksligo.blogspot.uk, and a number of posts on Google plus (screen-shots below) which seem to be from a Whistle-blower involved in somehow attempting to alert the public to the alleged various issues (contamination etc) at the GSK Stiefel Site in Sligo, Ireland.

As I said already- I have no idea if this story on the aforementioned blog is true or not, so I am not responsible for the accuracy of these allegations, I am merely relaying information which was e-mailed to me and posting from information I found online, but something certainly seems a little strange and if these allegations are true it seems that people’s health has certainly been put at risk. The screenshots below (and the blog) is stuff I stumbled upon while merely Googling, therefore, they are not my responsibility (nor am I endorsing their content)- anyone can find them with a simple Google search. However from the information contained in the e-mails I originally received, I have no reason to doubt their sincerity or the authenticity of the original whistle-blower (who will of course remain anonymous). I would like to post more, but I will await word from the whistle-blower before I reveal the list of products produced at this site which are allegedly contaminated with asbestos (that’s if the source makes contact again- they might not). In the meantime- If anyone has any further information on this, please contact me on truthman30@gmail.com, furthermore if there is interest from media/journalists etc about this story- (perhaps they know more about this story?, maybe there is a legal case? or maybe I can lead them to a contact in order to explore further)- please mail me on the same e-mail.

Thanks..

GSK Asbestos

GSK£GSK4

DFFs

GSSS

It is worth noting that GSK have had issues of contamination in other plants (that we are aware of) such as in Cork, and Puerto Rico. Their safety record  -or lack of it – (like a a lot of things GSK related- such as their ethics and morals) kind of speaks for itself.

See links for more…

http://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/glaxosmithkline-team-ignored-test-results-

says-watchdog-264055.html

GlaxoSmithKline Ireland’s own quality control team ignored test results that could have indicated drug contamination at the Cork plant as far back as 2011,according to the US drugs watchdog.

http://www.in-pharmatechnologist.com/Regulatory-Safety/GSK-fined-750m-for-old-Puerto-Rico-plant-violations

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/worse-than-you-think-10-things-you-dont-know-about-glaxos-750m-paxil-settlement/

The FDA began investigating GSK in Puerto Rico in 2001, issuing a warning letter. The company thus had nine years to get its act together — but didn’t.

Murder-Suicide Again In Ireland: What Did They Prescribe Michael Greaney?


A psychiatrist’s report said it would be safe to allow him back to the family home, subject to his being on whatever medication and receiving any psychiatric attention he needed.” 


 

Which psychiatric medication was Micheal Greaney prescribed? What dose? And why was he, or his family, not warned of the dangers?


“They expressed fears that the glass of wine may have reacted with his medication to drastically alter his mood.” (Evening Herald 30/12/2014)

It looks like there had been another murder-suicide in Ireland, and this case, like the many others, in Ireland and world-wide, it seems likely that it’s linked to psychiatric medication. It has been well established that psychiatric medication can cause hostility, aggression, suicidal thoughts and homicidal impulses. These effects are now listed in patient information leaflets, however many people are still in the dark about these dangerous side effects and withdrawal symptoms. I felt these side effects on GSK’s Seroxat drug, an SSRI which is notorious for causing suicide, violence, and sometimes murder/suicides. I wonder was  Michael Greaney’s family warned of these side effects, and particularly the dangers of mixing psychiatric meds with alcohol. Irish psychiatrist, Dr David Healy, has been warning of these lethal dangers of psych-drugs for decades, and Irish state pathologist, Declan Gilsenan has also spoken out on what he said were “too many suicides linked to these drugs.” Many other psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, researchers, and in particular (ex) psych service users, have also been calling for wider warnings on psychiatric drugs for years now…

Dr Gilsenan, who retired last year, says he has seen “too many suicides” among people who had started taking the drugs. In his considered view the evidence was “more than anecdotal” and he now hopes to raise the matter with Kathleen Lynch, minister of

state with responsibility for mental health.”

 I hope the Greaney family find peace. RIP.


http://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland/irish-news/garda%C3%AD-not-seeking-anyone-else-in-connection-with-cobh-deaths-1.2050009

Gardaí have said they are not looking for anyone else in connection with an incident in which a man was found dead, his wife stabbed to death and their 21-year-old daughter left critically injured.

The bodies of Michael Greaney (53) and his wife, Valerie (49), were discovered in their house at O’Neill Place in Cobh, Co Cork, and their eldest daughter, Michelle, was lying in the road after fleeing the house.

Mr Greaney had returned to the family home in recent weeks after being discharged from the Central Mental Hospital in Dublin in November.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2889928/Triple-stabbing-horror-bishop-s-gardener-kills-wife-leaves-daughter-21-fighting-life-knifing-death.html

A businessman is believed to have fatally stabbed his wife and left his daughter fighting for her life before knifing himself to death – just months after he was released from a mental hospital.

Michael Greaney, 53, who had a history of ‘serious’ mental issues, stabbed his daughter Michelle, 21, in the chest before killing his wife Valerie, 49, at their home in Cork, reports suggest.

The physical therapist was admitted to the Central Mental Hospital in 2013 after being found guilty of assaulting and falsely imprisoning a woman and a barring order was put in place.

But the order was removed at the request of the family after his wife pleaded on his behalf saying he had been under tremendous financial and psychological pressure at the time.

http://www.herald.ie/news/killer-dad-had-drink-with-pal-before-murdersuicide-30869234.html

“He seemed to be in quite good form coming up to Christmas. I think his friend just wanted to wish him well for Christmas over a quick drink,” a former Irish Navy colleague of Mr Greaney’s told the Herald.

They expressed fears that the glass of wine may have reacted with his medication to drastically alter his mood.

2014-12-30_new_5779579_I1

Mass Murderers and Psychiatric Drugs
by PHIL on SEPTEMBER 22, 2014323
0
There’s an interesting article in the current issue of the National Psychologist written by David Kirschner, PhD, a New York psychologist.  The National Psychologist is a newspaper-type magazine that publishes articles of general interest to psychologists and others working in this field.  Most issues contain a mix of opinion pieces, news, changes in government regulations, etc…

Dr. Kirschner’s article is titled Mass shooters received only limited treatment.

Here are some quotes:

“As a forensic psychologist, I have tested/evaluated 30 teenage and young adult murderers, and almost all of them had been in some kind of ‘treatment,’ usually short term and psychoactive drug-oriented, before they killed.”

“After each episode of school killings or other mass shootings, such as the Aurora, Colo., Batman movie murders and Tucson, Ariz., killing of six and wounding of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and 12 others, there is a renewed public outcry for early identification and treatment of youths at risk for violence.

Sadly however, most of the young people who kill had been in ‘treatment,’ prior to the violence, albeit with less than successful results.”

“Most of the young murderers I have personally examined had…been in ‘treatment’ and were using prescribed stimulant/amphetamine type drugs before and during the killing events. These medications did not prevent but instead contributed to the violence by disinhibiting normal, frontal cortex control mechanisms.”

“Prior to the violent event, for which he is currently serving a life without parole sentence, Jeremy [Strolmeyer], an honor student with no history of violence, was misdiagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and ‘treated’ with nothing more than a bottle of Dexedrine following a brief 20-minute ‘cost-effective’ psychiatric consultation.”

“And so, despite ongoing congressional debates regarding stricter gun control laws vs. improved access to mental health treatment, our concern should be about the quality of mental health care, not just a societal safety net insuring treatment for all children and young adults. Almost all of them are covered by some type of managed care or insurance company, and the issue is not access to preventive treatment. The real problem, in my opinion, is the quality and competence of therapy for potential violent offenders when insurance companies are the gatekeepers.”

Obviously it’s a compelling article, particularly Dr. Kirschner’s assertion that “almost all” 30 young murderers he has worked with had been in some kind of treatment and had been taking psychiatric drugs.  Dr. Kirschner’s call for more competent and more intensive therapy makes sense, but as long as the mental health system is dominated by psychiatrists and psychiatric dogma, it is likely that psychiatric drugs will continue to be the essential ingredient of these interventions.  And as long as this is the case, all that we can reasonably expect is more of the same.

Dr. Kirschner’s comments are, of course, anecdotal. But there is an ever-growing body of anecdotal information implicating psychiatric drugs in mass killings and suicides. There is a desperate need for a formal study of this matter, but calls for such studies have been routinely ignored and resisted.

In December 2012, a petition on the White House “We the People” website calling for the government to initiate such an investigation was removed without explanation, even though it was well on the way to receiving the requisite number of signatures.

And let us not forget what Patrick B. Kwanashie, Assistant Attorney General for the State of Connecticut, said on this matter on August 22, 2013 when he was pressed in a freedom of information meeting to release Adam Lanza’s history of psychiatric drug use.

“…you have to advance reasons that you actually do have a real interest in the…medical records.  The plaintiff, the complainant have not shown any such interest.  The complainant is proposing that they can make generalizations, generalized from one single incident, no matter how the outcome of the use of antidepressants, or the causal link between the use of antidepressants and the kind of violence that took place in Newtown.  You just can’t, that’s not a legitimate use of that information.  You can’t generalize just from one case.  Even if you can conclusively establish that Adam Lanza’s murderous actions were caused by antidepressants, you can’t logically from that conclude that others would commit the same actions as a result of taking antidepressants.  So it’s simply not legitimate, and not only is it not the use to which they are proposing to put the information not legitimate, it is harmful, because you can cause a lot of people to stop taking their medications, stop cooperating with their treating physicians, just because of the heinousness of what Adam Lanza did.  As the material, the FDA material that they submitted show, it would take a lot of studies over a long period of time and among, and within various demographic groups to even begin to establish causal links between antidepressants and aggressive actions or suicidal behavior.  And the informed opinion has not quite reached the point to say definitively that there’s a causal link between the use of antidepressants and violent behavior.  Having correlations, there are correlations, but to say there are correlations doesn’t necessarily mean the relationship is causal.  And this is an issue the FDA is still grappling with, and so far it’s been willing to do is ask the drug makers to put warnings on their products and to advise physicians, treating physicians, to follow monitor their patients closely at the beginning of the taking of antidepressants.  So it’s a complex issue, and to pretend that you can just, based on this one case, make recommendations as to how people should make judgment choices is a disservice to the public and illustrates why these types of reports should not be made available, because in the wrong hands they can be the source of mischief.” [Emphasis added]

In other words, psychiatric drugs are safe until proven dangerous.  And, apparently, the only acceptable evidence is a large scale, randomized, controlled trial.  But the only group who has the data and the resources to conduct such a trial is psychiatry-pharma!  And meanwhile we should cover up any anecdotal information that might cast the drugs in a bad light – because that might induce people to stop taking them!

Psychiatric drugs are not medications in any meaningful sense of the term. Whatever temporary lift they may give people in the short term, is offset by their adverse effects – particularly their contribution to suicides and murder.

Information on this issue is being spun and suppressed by psychiatrists, and by their moneyed collaborators in pharma.  How much longer must this destructive charade continue?

Last updated by Phil at September 21, 2014.

Related posts:

The Link Between Psychiatric Drugs and Violence
Psychiatric Drugs and Suicide
Mass Murders and Mental Health
Another Mass Shooting: Link to SSRIs?
Opposition to Psychiatric Drugs is Fuelled by Puritanism!

Glaxo’s Murky Past: ” Vaccine trials on children worse than first thought” (Irish Examiner)


Special investigation – Vaccine trials on children worse than first thought

The scale of use of children for vaccine trials is much greater than was first thought, writes Conall Ó Fátharta

THE latest revelations that another legacy company of pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline sponsored a fifth, previously undisclosed, medical trial on children in care here in the 1960s needs to result in action from the Government.

The fact is that the picture now emerging is now far more disturbing than that which compelled the then Fianna Fáil-led government to refer the matter for investigation by the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse (CICA) in 2000.

Before that inquiry was halted following a 2002 Supreme Court ruling, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) had confirmed just three trials in the 1960s and 1970s using over 250 children. We now know there were at least five trials in this period — the fifth exposed today by the Irish Examiner.

Indeed, recent revelations have shown that, far from carrying out just four vaccine trials on children in care here, Wellcome (now GlaxoSmithKline) sponsored trials in Ireland now span almost half a century — involving dozens of institutions and thousands of children.

The records released to CICA by GSK have now been returned to the company. The commission retained no copies. Yet, no questions have been answered.

Why are victims finding out about new trials now — through the press? Why did the short-lived inquiry not know a fourth and fifth trial had occurred?

Why did the report of Inter-Departmental Group on Mother and Baby Homes published this year still refer only to three vaccine trials — when a fourth was admitted in 2011 and the 1930-1935 trials of a Burroughs Wellcome vaccine for diphtheria carried out on 2,000 children in residential institutions were uncovered by Michael Dwyer of UCC’s School of History just a month before its publication?

Nor did it mention the 1965 trial of a 5-in-1 vaccine carried out on Philip Delaney at Bessborough mother-and-baby home in Cork. Why did this report claim a total of 123 children in institutional settings were used in the first three acknowledged trials when, in fact, 180 children were used?

The revelation that vaccine trials were carried out on children in mother-and-baby homes and other institutional settings first hit the headlines in the early 1990s.

Questions were raised in the Dáil on the subject, but it wasn’t until 1997 that then health minister Brian Cowen gave assurances that the matter would be examined.

In 2000, the Kiely report confirmed that three trials had been conducted on behalf of the pharmaceutical company the Wellcome Foundation. The institutions involved were Wellcome Laboratories in Britain, the Department of Medical Microbiology in UCD, and the Eastern Health Board.

The first trial took place between December 1960 and November 1961 in four Mother and Baby Homes — St Patrick’s on the Navan Road in Dublin (14 children), Bessborough in Cork (25 children), Castlepollard in Westmeath (six children), and Dunboyne (nine children). Four children from Stamullen baby home in Meath were also used for this trial.

The purpose of the trial was to look at the response the children would have to a 4-in-1 vaccine — diptheria, whooping cough, tetanus, and polio.

The second trial involved 69 children from St Anne’s Industrial School in Booterstown in Dublin being administered an intranasal rubella vaccine. A further 53 children from the wider community in Kilcullen in Westmeath were also used in this trial.

The first two trials were carried out by Professor Irene Hillary and Professor Patrick Meenan from the department of Microbiology in UCD, as well as other doctors.

The third trial involved 53 children in a number of residential institutions in Dublin including St Patrick’s Home, Madonna House, Bird’s Nest, and Boheenaburna. A total of 65 children living at home in Dublin also received the vaccine.

The aim of the third trial was to compare commercially available batches of the 3-in-1 vaccine — Trivax and Trivax D — with that of equivalent vaccines prepared for the trial. There is no published paper or report of this trial, but the Eastern Health Board was aware it was being conducted.

Dr Kiely’s report concluded that, given the reasons which the vaccines sought to counter, the decision to conduct the trials was “acceptable and reasonable”.

However, Dr Kiely said there was a lack of documentation available to clarify whether consent was either obtained or sought from the parents of the children or the managers of the institutions.

However, an entry in the 1962 British Medical Journal concerning the first trial seems to confirm that parental consent was not sought.

“We are indebted to the medical officers in charge of the children’s homes for permission to carry out this investigation on infants under their care,” it wrote.

Responding to the Kiely Report in 2000, Prof Hillary said it was her “invariable practice at the time to obtain consent of the competent authority”, be it the mother, the manager, or the medical officer.

However, no record of written consent has been acknowledged. The religious orders who ran the homes involved in the trials have also denied that they authorised any clinical trials.

Of the victims of the vaccine trials who have located their natural mothers, all mothers have said they were not asked for their permission.

In 2000, then minister for children Micheál Martin admitted the Kiely report was “incomplete” and raised “as many questions as it answered”.

However, despite this, Mr Martin reassured the Dáil that the trials appeared to have had no medically negative consequences for any of the children involved.

In an effort to deal with the matter, the Government decided to extend the terms of reference of the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse. This was done despite objections that the trials could not adequately be dealt with by an inquiry looking primarily into physical and sexual abuse.

The ‘Vaccines Module’ of CICA began investigating in early 2002. It obtained documentation from GlaxoSmithKline — the successor of Wellcome — and identified the names and addresses of some of those involved in the trials.

However, the probe was hit with a Supreme Court ruling which upheld Prof Meenan’s challenge against a High Court order directing him to give evidence before the inquiry.

The court also criticised the decision to ask the commission to examine the vaccine trials in the first place, stating they had “only the most tenuous connection, if any, with the appalling social evil of the sexual and physical abuse of children in institutions, which was the specific area into which the commission was established to inquire”.

Mr Justice Hardiman stated that Prof Meenan’s involvement in vaccine trials related only to one trial in 1960/61 and that the issue of the “reputational damage” associated with being involved with a Commission primarily looking at sexual abuse had to be considered.

Following this, Prof Hillary challenged the Government’s order directing an investigation into the vaccine trials. The Government did not appeal this decision. As a result, the work of the Vaccines Module’ ceased in November 2003.

However, those who suspected they were victims of the trials continued to claim that there were far more than three trials carried out by Wellcome here.

The Third Interim Report from CICA in December 2003 confirmed as much when it stated that the documentation it received from GSK “disclosed a considerable amount of information in relation to other vaccine trials conducted in the State”.

When RTÉ’s Prime Time asked the pharmaceutical giant about this statement, it confirmed a fourth trial had taken place in 1965. This trial involved giving differing doses of the measles vaccine to 12 babies aged between nine and 19 months in the Sean Ross Abbey mother-and-baby home in Tipperary.

The firm stated that this fourth trial was the only other clinical trial sponsored by Burroughs Wellcome using children in institutions in Ireland.

However, as the Irish Examiner reveals today, a fifth trial also occurred during this period.

An article in The Lancet in August 1965, discovered by Michael Dwyer of UCC’s School of History, confirms that Glaxo Laboratories Ltd carried out yet another measles vaccine trial on 34 children aged between eight months and just over two years. The trial was carried out by Prof Hillary and Prof Meenan of UCD and AJ Beale of Glaxo Laboratories. It is also the first trial which confirms Glaxo Laboratories involvement in a vaccine trial. All of the other trials were carried out by Wellcome.

Although the report does not mention an institution, it makes reference to the fact that the reaction to the children were monitored by “the adults looking after the children”. It also says examinations were done on the children from day six to 14 at the same time — 6pm — indicating the children were in a group setting.

The Irish Examiner put questions to GSK concerning this trial, what institution it was carried out in and why it failed to disclose this trial in 2011.

The company did not agree that the references in The Lancet amounted to evidence that the trial was carried out on children in care, stating that, in other papers by the same investigator, the author explicitly stated that the study was carried out on children in care. GSK said if it had any evidence that this trial was carried out on children in care, it would have handed it over to the CICA.

On the issue of whether consent was either sought or obtained for this study, GSK stated that any studies were done to the highest ethical and safety standards as a fundamental part of developing and delivering new vaccines to treat and prevent illnesses that were a major public health risk at that time.

“The studies of The Wellcome Foundation vaccines were conducted by independent healthcare professionals. The children who participated in the trials were recruited from the community and those living in children’s homes. The methodology and results of at least two of the studies were published in respected journals,” said a statement.

GSK said it had “limited archived documentation” given the trials happened decades ago, but was seeking to investigate the facts. It also confirmed it would fully co-operate with any Government investigation into the issue.

The upcoming Mother and Baby Homes inquiry cannot ignore the issue. Many victims were resident in these homes and deserve answers, justice and all of the information held on them by GSK. Otherwise this state really does view them, even now, as was said in the Dáil in 2000 as “children of a lesser god”.

Vaccine trial confirmed by data request

Mari Steedsays media interview transcripts were kept on her GSK files

In 2011, GlaxoSmithKline released a data protection request to vaccine trial victim Mari Steed which confirmed she was part of a vaccine trial it carried out half a century earlier.

It also released a dossier indicating that it had been monitoring statements she had been making to the media on the vaccine trials going back almost a decade.

Ms Steed, who was adopted to the US from Bessborough, discovered she was a victim of the trials in the late 1990s when she was trying to trace her natural mother.

A handwritten note on her medical file released to Ms Steed — the Sacred Heart order then ran the home — confirms she was given three injections for the 4-in-1 vaccine, the third of which was “given by Prof Hillary”. This entry is immediately followed by: “Baby to America.”

Ms Steed’s natural mother Josephine, who passed away last year, always stated that she was never asked for her permission, nor was she aware that vaccines were being trialled on her daughter during her time in Bessborough.

The 4-in-1 trial took place between December 1960 and November 1961 in four mother-and-baby homes. The purpose of the trial was to look at the response the children would have to a 4-in-1 vaccine — diptheria, whooping cough, tetanus, and polio.

Following her data protection request, Ms Steed was astounded to discover that GSK had kept a substantial file on her — and not all of it related to her medical records.

Referred to as “GSK 36” in parts of the documents released to her by the pharmaceutical firm, the records confirm her participation in the trial. However, she was astounded to discover the firm also had a file monitoring media appearances she made talking about the issue.

This included press cuttings from a range of newspaper interviews given by Ms Steed — some almost a decade apart.

Also included were typed transcripts from a number of different radio interviews. These included an interview with PJ Coogan on Cork radio station 96FM and an extract from a news bulletin on the station where she was quoted.

Ms Steed said the fact that the pharmaceutical giant was monitoring her public statements was “shocking”, although “not entirely surprising”.

“It was somewhat shocking to realise that GSK had been keeping such data on me, although not entirely surprising,” she says. “Just prior to receiving my DPA reply from GSK, I had received my entire file from the HSE South, which included a six-page dossier that Sister Sarto of Bessborough had kept on me, noting similar media references and untoward comments regarding my search for my mother.”

Ms Steed said she was aware of a number of Bessborough adoptees who had made DPA requests from GSK, but said she was not aware of anyone else that has had their participation in a vaccine trial formally confirmed by the company.

“I personally know one individual who came forward as part of the initial Laffoy investigation, but has not filed a request under DPA as far as I know; and of course, one other who participated in the Prime Time investigation,” says Ms Steed. “Many more have unexplained marks and scarring on their bodies, including outside areas where vaccines would typically be given.

“And every person I know, among hundreds, who were adopted from Ireland to the US, reported that as children we all came up as testing positive for TB during routine childhood doctor visits, despite not actually suffering from it. This anomaly has never been able to be explained by our family practitioners here in the US.”

The Philadelphia woman said the fact that the vaccine issue has never been fully investigated defied belief, and said many US adoptees were considering going to the courts unless the issue was included in the upcoming Mother and Baby Home inquiry.

“Failing that, I believe there are enough of us to move forward through the courts on the matter, including the EU court and potentially the UN,” says Ms Steed.

“There seems to be an inexplicable reluctance on the part of the Irish legal community to represent victims of such trials and proceed with cases. Although we are now making inroads to US law firms who have handled legal cases against GlaxoSmithKline and may be willing to provide representation.”

Waiting for some answers

Mari Steed is one of the few people that knows she was used in a vaccine trial. Others are not so lucky.

For people such as Christopher Kirwan, the wait for answers goes on.

He has written to numerous ministers of children to no avail. He has also written to GSK and to the Sacred Heart Sister — both of which have told him he was not used in any vaccine trial carried out in Bessborough.

A investigation by the Data Protection Commissioner in 2011 also confirmed that neither GSK nor the records then held at Bessborough indicated that he was part of a vaccine trial. That would be fine if the Cork man didn’t have eight unexplained scars on his arms and legs.

Mr Kirwan was born in Bessborough in November 1960 and was adopted the following June. He was in Bessborough during the period of the first Burroughs Wellcome vaccine trial, and even had his photo taken with Mari Steed as a baby.

Despite his scars, his records simply state that he was inoculated for the BCG and smallpox and that no documentation indicating he was part of those trials.

Mr Kirwan believes he was involved in a vaccine trial of some form as the marks on his body do not make sense for someone who just received two inoculations. His adoptive mother told him that when he left Bessborough as a child he had bandages on his arms. “I just want answers,” he says.

Philip Delaney has also been told he was not part of any vaccine trial, despite his medical records indicating he was give three injections of a 5-in-1 vaccine for polio, measles, diptheria, whooping cough, and tetanus. Beneath the record showing this injection, the words “Contact Dr Hillary, Dublin” are crossed out.

His adoptive mother told Prime Time in 2011 that she was told by a doctor who came to take the blood in a follow-up visit that Mr Delaney was one of 20 babies used for a trial for a 5-in-1 vaccine and that the babies were not supposed to have been given up for adoption.

“The Government are saying there have been no ill effects,” says Mr Delaney. “How do they know? Because they don’t know about this trial.”