GSK have paid billions in fines for fraud, bribery and general criminality which led (in some cases) to deaths of men, women, children and babies. One of their lead lawyers, Todd P Davis, seems to think nothing of defending companies like GSK against birth defects liabilities, anything for a quick buck eh Todd?
Todd works for the King and Spalding law firm. Nice job role Todd- defending convicted felons who think nothing of concealing side effects that kill babies and kids… you must sleep well at night?
King And Spalding are desperately trying to discredit Dr David Healy because David has been speaking out against GSK’s atrocious behavior for almost two decades now (see Fiddaman’s blog and my post).
Leonie Fennell has written a blog about all this too- it’s well worth checking out-
GlaxoSmithKline is a UK based pharmaceutical company with a very evil history. This has shown itself time and again in a litany of dubious actions and the pushing of equally dubious medications. In one instance, an FDA Scientist, David Graham, estimated that GSK’s diabetes drug, Avandia, may have caused as many as 100,000 heart attacks, strokes and deaths. Finally in 2011, the European Medicines Agency banned Avandia, ordering it to be taken completely off the market. GSK were found to have been aware of the risks, but hid the real ‘data’, publishing their own version – hiding the deaths.
In 2012 GSK came to the attention of the world’s media once again, this time for paying the largest fine in the history of Big Pharma – a whopping 3 Billion Dollars. Besides hiding Avandia data, GSK also admitted to bribing doctors and encouraging them to prescribe their antidepressant Paxil/Seroxat to children, all the while knowing that it caused suicidality in all ages; many children and adults died.
David Healy et al have recently brought Glaxo back into the spotlight – kicking and screaming ‘foul’ I might add. Last month’s revelation in the British Medical Journal “Restoring Study 329: efficacy and harms of paroxetine and imipramine in treatment of major depression in adolescence“ proved once again that GSK hid data which showed that Paxil caused suicide in children. The re-analysis of ‘Study 329’ once again found huge discrepancies; another attempt by GSK to hide bodies, this time little children.
Don’t shoot the messenger:
So what have GSK decided to do? Hold their hands up? Come clean? Apologise for the deception? Grovel to the parents and families left behind? Nope! GSK is now attempting to discredit the messenger, Dr David Healy, who just happens to be an Irishman and a genius to boot (I’ve seen him in action). It’s perhaps not a coincidence that he’s one of the few phychopharmacology experts in the world with the credibility and knowledge to challenge any pharmaceutical company, particularly on
Dolin v. SmithKline Beecham:
David Healy is the expert witness in an on-going trial against GSK (Dolin v. SmithKline Beecham), a case concerning the death of Steward Dolin, a corporate lawyer in Chicago. Stewart jumped in front of a train 6 days after starting Paxil/Seroxat. We had the pleasure of meeting Stewart’s lovely wife Wendy (who is taking the case) last month in Copenhagen. What she said about GSK’s carry-on would make your hair stand on end; as if she hasn’t been through enough hell, but hey, never say GSK couldn’t sink any lower. They usually do!
According to Bob Fiddaman, GSK put forward a motion that David Healy “should not be allowed to give evidence in the trial, he’s not credible, he has a bias, he’s telling people to go out and kill”. Seriously? Toys and pram spring to mind.
Grown men actually put their heads together and came up with the latter. It’s probably why women should rule the world, but I suppose that’s a story for another day. Other fairly nefarious allegations by GSK include – Healy has implied that people who have lost loved ones due to alleged drug side effects would take violent revenge against pharmaceutical executives. Japers, better make sure we don’t all go on a collective rampage. Idiots!
As Fiddaman said “Healy’s deposition was supposed to be about science, in actual fact GSK’s attorneys chose, for at least 90% of the 10 hours, to talk about Healy’s blog, his financial accounts, and every other avenue that they could think of – rather than deal with the science.” The distracting hand was at it again eh?
For more comprehensive reading – see Bob Fiddaman’s Blog and Mr Antidepaware.
It’s déjà vu all over again. Remember how, three years ago, Pfizer paid $2.3 billion to the Department of Justice to settle off-label claims relating to Bextra and other drugs, and Eli Lilly paid $1.4 billion for Zyprexa marketing?
If so, then last week was no surprise: GlaxoSmithKline agreed to pay a whopping $3 billion to settle criminal and civil charges brought against it by the Department of Justice. Quoting from the DOJ press release, GlaxoSmithKline was accused of:
- distributing a misleading medical journal article that misreported that a clinical trial of Paxil demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of depression in patients under age 18,
- GSK did not make available data from two other studies in which Paxil also failed to demonstrate efficacy in treating depression in patients under 18.
- GSK sponsored dinner programs, lunch programs, spa programs and similar activities to promote the use of Paxil in children and adolescents.
- GSK paid millions of dollars to doctors to speak at and attend meetings, sometimes at lavish resorts, at which the off-label uses of Wellbutrin were routinely promoted and also used sales representatives, sham advisory boards, and supposedly independent Continuing Medical Education (CME) programs to promote Wellbutrin for these unapproved uses.
- GSK failed to include certain safety data about Avandia, a diabetes drug, in reports to the FDA that are meant to allow the FDA to determine if a drug continues to be safe for its approved indications and to spot drug safety trends. The missing information included data regarding certain post-marketing studies, as well as data regarding two studies undertaken in response to European regulators’ concerns about the cardiovascular safety of Avandia.
- GSK promoted Avandia to physicians and other health care providers with false and misleading representations about Avandia’s safety profile … GSK stated that Avandia had a positive cholesterol profile despite having no well-controlled studies to support that message. The United States also alleges that the company sponsored programs suggesting cardiovascular benefits from Avandia therapy despite warnings on the FDA-approved label regarding cardiovascular risks.
- GSK paid kickbacks to health care professionals to induce them to promote and prescribe these drugs [Paxil, Wellbutrin, Avandia, Advair, Lamictal, and Zofran] as well as the drugs Imitrex, Lotronex, Flovent and Valtrex.
Let’s call GlaxoSmithKline what it is: a criminal enterprise. GSK didn’t miss the finer points of a couple red-tape regulations: the DOJ alleged they tampered with scientific studies, concealed safety data, then lied to doctors and patients and, if that didn’t work, outright bribed the doctors. Why? For Wellbutrin, the purpose was to sell psychoactive drugs to kids that were known to be useless in treating depression, but which had a plethora of side effects, including, quoting the label:
headache, insomnia, dizziness, tremor, somnolence, thinking abnormality, abnormal dreams, sleep abnormalities, … depersonalization, emotional lability, hostility, suicidal ideation, aggression, delusions, euphoria, hallucinations, manic reaction, nightmares, paranoid ideation, delirium, psychosis, organic mental disorders, catatonia, restlessness, and completed suicide, … palpitation, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension (in some cases severe), hypotension, syncope, tachycardia.
For Avandia, the point was to trick diabetics into taking a drug — a drug for which a number of safer alternatives were available, including lifestyle changes and no medicine at all — that “causes or exacerbate congestive heart failure in some patient” and creates a “statistically significant increased risk of myocardial infarction.” That’s on the warning label now, but it wasn’t when most of the marketing was going on, even though GSK knew about the problems.
These aren’t placebos. The side effects aren’t just an upset stomach or nausea. You know what happens when you sue a drug company over a prescription medication? They claim that all prescription drugs are “unavoidably dangerous,” so dangerous that plaintiffs shouldn’t even be allowed to file strict liability or defective design, or failure-to-test lawsuits, because the courts should presume these drugs necessarily kill people. Yet, while it was arguing in court that its drugs were “unavoidably dangerous,” GSK thought it was just fine to prey upon parents’ anxieties about their children’s mental health and diabetics’ fears of crashing or going into shock if they could make a couple billion dollars out of it.
So people are going to jail, right? This is, after all, America, the county with the highest per capita prison population in the world, where the Supreme Court has said you can get strip-searched for riding your bicycle without a bell, where the federal government can send you to jail for growing marijuana in your backyard for your own medicinal use even if your state permits it, where you can be tasered for back-talking to a cop in a traffic stop as long as they don’t taser you “excessively,” where a judge can send you to jail for six months for smiling in court. If we can find some reason to throw you in jail, we’ll take it.
Unless, of course, the defendant did the deed in service of a big corporation. No one at GlaxoSmithKline is under any threat of prosecution. The Department of Justice brought obstruction of justice charges against GlaxoSmithKline’s in-house lawyer for allegedly concealing information in the Wellbutrin investigation, but the prosecution was a failure, resulting in the judge dismissing it before even submitting it to a jury. If that specific information was so important that concealing it was a crime, then why weren’t the initial concealers prosecuted for hiding it from the FDA and the medical community?
So actual prison time, even just the threat of prosecution, for selling people deadly snake oil is out the window. Even the $3 billion is less than it seems, too; calling it a “slap on the wrist” isn’t quite right, but it is by no means real punishment, perhaps more a whisternefet. The money is all being paid by GlaxoSmithKline, not by the employers, officers or directors involved, so it does nothing to deter future drug company employees from doing exactly the same thing — which we know they will, given that this settlement is just the latest in a long string of massive settlements involving all of the big names in pharmaceuticals, including Pfizer, Eli Lilly, Merck, you name it. This headline from the Guardian says it all: “Pharma overtakes arms industry to top the league of misbehaviour.”
We could complain that the wrongdoers at GSK are walking free as a result of paying other people’s money (i.e., the shareholders’ money), but, as the Guardian article points out:
Despite the large fine, $3bn is far less than the profits made from the drugs. Avandia has made $10.4bn in sales, Paxil took $11.6bn, and Wellbutrin sales were $5.9bn during the years covered by the settlement …
The shareholders thus aren’t going to complain at all; GSK is doing exactly what they asked them to do: it’s making money. As Robert Reich points out, “the penalty could almost be considered a cost of doing business.” There’s a reason you can walk down any urban street in the middle of the day and see UPS and FedEx trucks illegally stopped in the middle of the road doing deliveries: delivery companies just consider the tickets a cost of doing business.
That’s the new pharmaceutical company business model: lie, cheat, and bribe your way into billions of dollars. Play upon the fact that doctors are clueless about “off-label prescriptions,” so that, every year, more than 100 million off-label prescriptions with “little or no scientific support” are written. All a pharmaceutical company has to do is set up some baloney expenses-paid conference in Vail or St. Croix or dispatch some sales representative to the doctor’s office — or, if all that fails, just write a check — and, voilà, millions of patients will be prescribed an expensive, useless and dangerous drug for an “off label” purpose unapproved by the FDA.
What’s the worst that could happen to the company? They pay a toll, sign on for a meaningless “Corporate Integrity Agreement” that will do more to shield future perpetrators than to deter them, and then get back to the business of loading people up with dangerous drugs they don’t need.
[Update: Coincidentally, today USA Today has an editorial saying the same thing, while Avvo VP & General Counsel Josh King has a rebuttal. King’s article is at best naive: saying we shouldn’t have criminal prosecutions of corporate executives because “the vast majority of executives want to do the right thing” is like saying we shouldn’t prosecute homicide because “the vast majority of people aren’t murderers.” Update II: Scott Greenfield chimes in as well. Regular readers will be shocked to learn he disagrees with me.]